The Hindukush Landscape in Chitral, Pakistan, is a remarkable geographical junction where various bio-geographical regions converge. It boasts a truly unique and diverse collection of flora and fauna, making it a region of exceptional ecological significance. This landscape is also home to some of the world’s highest mountain peaks, with the towering Tarich Mir among its illustrious summits. What further elevates the importance of this region is its role as the source or headwaters of numerous vital rivers, including the river Chitral. Consequently, it holds immense value in terms of conservation and environmental preservation. The dry temperate forests and expansive rangelands within this landscape harbor a rich array of plant and wildlife species. These forests provide a multitude of essential ecosystem services, and they are the lifeblood of the mountain communities inhabiting the area, including the indigenous Kalasha and Wakhi people of the Broghil Valley in Chitral. At the heart of conservation and sustainable development efforts in this diverse and precious landscape is the Mountain Society for Research & Development (MSRD). While its primary focus lies in the Hindukush region, this society’s commitment extends to different parts of Pakistan, reflecting its dedication to preserving and nurturing the ecological treasures of these mountainous terrains.

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